Diwali (The Festival of Lights) is one of the major festivals celebrated during the Hindu lunisolar month Kartik (between mid-October and mid-November) usually celebrated by Hindus and some Buddhists, notably Newar Buddhists. Diwali symbolizes the spiritual “victory of light over darkness, good over evil, and knowledge over ignorance”. Diwali is usually celebrated twenty days after the Vijayadashami or Dashain festival.
The word Diwali is derived from the Sanskrit words Dipa, which means “lamp, light or candle ” which glows or shines.
Although each faith marks different historical events, Diwali symbolizes the spiritual “victory of light over darkness, good over evil, and knowledge over ignorance”.
According to traditional links, the festival Diwali was the day when Ram, Sita, Lakshman, and Hanuman reached Ayodhya after a period of 14 years in exile after Rama’s army of good defeated demon king Ravana’s army of evil
It’s a day of money in which many Hindus clean their business premises. They install Diyas near Lakshmi Mata and Ganesha iconography. The day also marks a major shopping day to purchase new utensils, home equipment, jewelry, and other items.
Day2: Chhoti Diwali
It is a day to pray for the peace to the manes, or defiled souls of one’s ancestors and light their way for their journeys in the cyclic afterlife.
Day3: Lakshmi Puja, Kali Puja
On the night of Diwali, rituals across many Hindus are dedicated to Lakshmi to welcome her into their cleaned homes and bring prosperity and happiness for the coming year
Day4: Govardhan Puja
According to one tradition, the day is associated with the story of Bali’s defeat at the hands of Vishnu. So, for having peace and security purposes this puja is done.
Day5: Bhai Duj
The last day of the festival is called Bhai Duj. It celebrates the sister-brother-bond spirit similar to Raksha Bandhan. This festive day is interpreted by some to symbolize Yama’s sister the Yamuna welcoming Yam with a tilak.